BIOLOGY OF FERTILITY MEDICATIONS

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

This naturally occurring gonadotropin that is released by the pituitary gland during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. It is one of two essential hormones that stimulates follicular development and the formation of oocytes (or eggs) in the ovaries. There are two commercially available FSH medications – Follistim and Gonal-F, which are manufactured using recombinant DNA technology. Physicians use these products interchangeably in the vast majority of stimulation cycles.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Luteinizing hormone is the other naturally occurring gonadotropin that is released by the pituitary gland during the menstrual cycle. Like FSH, it stimulates follicular and oocyte development in the ovaries. There is only one commercially available product, Menopur, that emulates the effects of luteinizing hormone. Menopur is highly purified hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin) manufactured using both LH and HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). While it does not function the same way in the natural menstrual cycle, HCG has been proven to behave much like LH in it’s ability to stimulate oocyte development.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)

Human chorionic gonadotropin is a naturally occurring hormone that is present in pregnant women. It has been shown that HCG acts the same as LH in the body, and has a substantially longer half-life. In a natural menstrual cycle, ovulation is triggered by a surge in LH that occurs at the very end of the follicular phase. In order to emulate this effect, physicians use HCG at the appropriate time at the end of a stimulation cycle, to bring about the final maturation of the oocytes developing in the ovaries. Pregnyl, Novarel and generic HCG are purified human-derived HCG products that are commercially available and are commonly used to “trigger” patients at the end of their stimulation cycles. Ovidrel is the only recombinant HCG product available in the U.S. market.

GnRH Analogues

In natural menstrual cycles and controlled ovarian stimulation cycles alike, the body has natural feedback mechanisms that react to hormone levels in the body and signal the ovaries to ovulate, or expel a mature egg or eggs. In a natural menstrual cycle, the body relies on this mechanism as a key step towards achieving pregnancy. However, controlled ovarian stimulation is marked by higher hormone levels that, if left uncontrolled, could bring about premature ovulation. As a result, physicians employ GnRH analogues to essentially withhold ovulation until the right time during treatment. There are two commercially available GnRH antagonist products, called Ganirelix and Cetrotide, achieve this result by blocking the body’s natural FSH and LH, and preventing ovulation in this way. Leuprolide Acetate (brand name Lupron) is a commercially available GnRH agonist that prevents ovulation by overstimulating the pituitary gland and essentially, shutting it down from producing natural FSH and LH. When the natural ovulation process is shut down or blocked, the physician can have complete control of the patient’s cycle.

Other stimulation medications:

  • Clomiphene Citrate
  • Letrozole
  • Oral Contraceptives
Karen T.
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"They truly care, I tell everyone to go here. I've been with them since 2008."
Yolanda P.
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"Always helpful to save money on medication and very kind."
Michael A.
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"Helpful and knowledgeable. Can't ask for better service, thank you!"
Patti E.
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"The staff at Drug Mart are exceptionally helpful. The quality of their products are top notch. I recommend Drug Mart to everyone. Am with them for life!!"
Darryl F.
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"This is the best pharmacy I have ever been to. They are caring, helpful and treat you with respect."
Anita H.
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"My daughter was able to get emergency medication after hours within half hour of making the phone call to the 800#. I can't recommend Drug Mart more highly."
Robert T.
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"I've been going here for years since my doctor recommended this pharmacy. They're busier now then when I first started but their service is still top notch. Thanks again for all your help!"
David D.
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"They are most accommodating, courteous, friendly and professional pharmacist I've ever dealt with. I'm so grateful to call this pharmacy my own."
Tonia B.
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"Always very caring when asking a question about your medication they know what they're talking about and they are very knowledgeable I've been going to them for oh my goodness since they opened up wow where did time go anyway my drug store for life thank you!"
Josh P.
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"This pharmacy is one of the best. Pharmacist has lots of knowledge and staff takes time to explain in detail. They do other half of what doctors should do. Also, no waiting like big name pharmacy. I highly recommend this pharmacy. They also deliver and ship to anywhere in USA."
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Drug Mart Pharmacy
5.0
Based on 164 reviews
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Chanice Dorsey
Chanice Dorsey
02:45 12 Mar 20
The staff at Drug Mart are truly an extension of my family. Vik offered me one of the greatest opportunities while in... nursing school, as a graduate, and as a working professional. He continues to encourage young adults to pursue their dreams and provides them with opportunities to be impactful within the community. You can’t get any better than this.read more
langston hannah
langston hannah
12:02 07 Mar 20
I am very pleased with the service that I receive from the pharmacy. The people who serve you are very helpful and... friendly and assist you in any way that they can. The pharmacist are well informed with your prescription needs, if there's a problem with anything you need they will do their best to resolve any issue you have. I recommend everyone to check them out and get their prescriptions filled at Drug Mart. I will always be a customer of Drug Mart because they are so good at what they do.read more
Yolanda Mesa
Yolanda Mesa
15:11 05 Mar 20
The best pharmacy I ever went. Staff is very polite and friendly. Very fast and they also deliver. One time I totally... forget about a medication and they went to my house.read more
tracey evans
tracey evans
16:32 03 Mar 20
Drug Mart is my family, I’ve been with them since day 1. I moved away for a few years to another state, I’ve been... back i NJ. a little over 5 years and I’m still a happy customer. They’re very friendly, knowledgeable and very helpful and understanding, prices are better then most..read more
Cassandra Hemby
Cassandra Hemby
21:33 28 Feb 20
I so appreciate the dear people @Drug Mart! I am recovering from cancer and one day while in Chemotherapy I was told I... would need a certain cream right away, but I wouldn't be able to pick it up that day.however there is this very courteous and sweet young lady named Michele that assured me it would be delivered to me in at my daughter's home in Woodbridge, NJ, because that is where I go after having treatment.The kind of caring and compassion received there have made the staff endearing to me and has restored my faith in customer service again.read more
Denise Eady
Denise Eady
20:38 24 Feb 20
I love this place. Best pharmacy around!!!. I have been using this pharmacy since it opened. Whenever I walk in,... everyone is very cordial and always pleasant and with a smile, and they always greet me by nmy name. Vic and the other Pharmacists are very knowledgeable, and the staff takes the time to explain any new medications in detail. If you are not able to pick up your prescriptions, they do HOME delivery which is great. I transferred from Walgreens pharmacy and I am so glad I did!!!read more
Jay Bhatt
Jay Bhatt
21:05 22 Feb 20
The quality of service provided by the pharmacist and the staff is excellent! I wouldn't go to any other pharmacy. They... truly care.read more
Cindy Hall
Cindy Hall
15:21 20 Feb 20
I never have to wait. This is the best pharmacy I ever went to. I highly recommend them to everyone!
Maisha Bryant
Maisha Bryant
00:32 20 Feb 20
I have known Vik and his family since they opened. They have bright back what it means to have a home town family... operated pharmacy. He remembers you, that you have had a baby etc. He is compassionate and always goes above and beyond. He trains his staff to pursue their own dreams. Some have gone on to school. My prayer is that God gives him a long healthy life and that his business continues to prosper. Oh and BTW if you move he does mail order so he can continue to be your pharmacist no need to switch!read more
Sharel E. Gordon-Love
Sharel E. Gordon-Love
19:46 19 Feb 20
My family has been with Drug Mart since they first open and we’ve received top notch service every single time. Vic... and the staff are very friendly, and we are greeted with a smileread more
Tammy Nichols
Tammy Nichols
23:23 18 Feb 20
I used to get my prescriptions at Cvs. But when Drug Mart open close to my house i figured I give then a try and have... not looked back. The staff is always kind, helpful, and considerate. LOVE THIS PLACE.❤read more
Yolanda Parker
Yolanda Parker
20:50 17 Feb 20
I enjoyed the customer service I experience when I go into this store the friendly atmosphere the warm welcome you get... upon entering and exitingread more
Mike Webb
Mike Webb
16:48 06 Feb 20
Great being able to pick up my meds at this pharmacy. They are the best!
Janet Bynum
Janet Bynum
18:21 28 Jan 20
Leaving his experience I had with Drug Mart it's coming there getting my medication and then delivering it to me very... happy who had Drug Mart in my life far as my medications is concerned I don't have to call for refills they deliver them to me I've been the drug mart play my medications concern about 7 years or more appreciate the people they appreciate me I'm happy with Drug Mart this is my the best pharmacist that I know thank youread more
james hunter
james hunter
21:25 24 Jan 20
Always ready to help! Any way possible thank you for all your years of service!
Michelle Reyes
Michelle Reyes
21:03 24 Jan 20
Awesome staff always willing to help out 🙂
cindy ortega
cindy ortega
20:41 24 Jan 20
I love this pharmacy. Everyone makes you feel like your family. Any issues with prescription they try to resolve it... asap. I recommend this pharmacy to everyone.read more
jacqueline wells
jacqueline wells
19:33 31 Dec 19
Drug mart has the most pleasant employees and the service is swift I can't say enough good things about this pharmacy... Thanks for your years of dedication and service in our communityread more
Chris Hanington
Chris Hanington
13:47 18 Jul 19
These people take great care of THEIR people. Impressive!
R Turner
R Turner
21:57 01 Jun 19
I've been going here for years since my doctor recommended this pharmacy. They're busier now then when I first started... but their service is still top notch. Thanks again for all your help!read more
John Aleksandrowicz
John Aleksandrowicz
22:21 14 Apr 19
Great pharmacy with great customer service. Vik is great. He obviously cares about people and understands the needs of... each. Thank you!read more
Karen T
Karen T
18:54 06 Jan 19
This pharmacy is the best! I left Walgreens and very glad I did. They take the time to explain my medicines and know me... by name. I recommended them to all my family and friends.read more
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